Conversion is based on substance at 68 degrees Fahrenheit
Balling: The name of a density scale for measuring sugar content in water base
solutions. Since grape juice is primarily sugar and water, the balling scale was used for
a quick and easy "sugar analysis" of juice. The Balling scale contained a slight
inaccuracy however, and it was corrected by Dr Brix. Today the Brix scale is in actual
use, but the terms Balling and Brix often are used interchangeably.
The Balling (Brix) scale is simplicity itself: Each degree is equivalent to 1 percent
of sugar in the juice. For example, grape juice which measures 15.5 degrees on the Balling
or Brix scale contains about 15.5% sugar.
Baume: A system for measuring the sugar content of grape juice by its density. It is
not easy to use though because the numbers aren't easy to handle: Each degree Baume is
equal to approximately 1.75% sugar in the juice. Baume is the more scientific scale, since
its based on the specific gravity of a substance.
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